The United Nations General Assembly is underway in New York as Russia, a permanent member of the UN Security Council, wages war against Ukraine. The United Nations always has a wide variety of problems to address and conflicts to help mediate, but this is a particularly challenging year. The International Crisis Group has published a report on "Ten Challenges for the UN in 2022-23." The report is not only an excellent analysis of the complexities related to Russia's war in Ukraine, but also a thoughtful reminder of the many other pressing problems the world faces elsewhere.
"Russia, a permanent member of the Security Council, has breached the UN Charter’s measures prohibiting the use of force and is widely reported to have committed atrocities; it dismissed condemnations of its actions in the General Assembly and other UN forums. Even before February, the UN was struggling amid increasing great-power competition and evolving threats to peace and security, and the war has magnified many challenges it faces. Yet the conflict has not resulted in the paralysis some feared. Indeed, the UN continues to both mitigate crises and position itself to meet emerging threats beyond Ukraine. Ukraine will be at the top of the agenda during General Assembly week, but progress on other matters requires attention, too."