IPA’s Global Strategy Group (GSG) is a team of former officers from the U.S. Departments of State, Defense, Treasury, Commerce, Justice, the U.S. Agency for International Development, the FBI, and the private sector. They are a team of experts in foreign affairs, global security, interagency and intergovernmental cooperation. Emphasizing a comprehensive, whole-of-government approach, the GSG provides solutions by designing, planning and executing scenario-supported wargames and experiments addressing complex emerging security challenges.

The GSG has produced and delivered numerous reports and handbooks on best practices for civil-military, interagency, and host-country cooperation. The topics range from conflict prevention and mitigation to post-conflict stabilization and reconstruction. The team has also provided extensive support to NATO in moving toward the implementation of the Alliance’s Strategic Concept.

Earlier this week Mehran Karimi Nasseri, a refugee from Iran, died of a heart attack at Paris's Charles de Gaulle airport. He had lived there on and off since 1988. Nasseri was undocumented in the truest sense of the word (he had no documents to prove his identity or nationality) in the 1980s after leaving Iran, and was stateless until he was eventually granted refugee status in France.

Estimates indicate that at least 15 million people in the world are stateless. This means that these people are not recognized as a citizen of any state. Stateless people are not only unable to travel, but also are unable to benefit from basic rights afforded to citizens by their home countries. The 1954 UN Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons establishes the legal definition of a stateless person as someone who is "not recognized as a national by any state under the operation of its law.” Many stateless people are part of large communities of people who are discriminated against by the country in which they live or in which they were born. One prominent example are the Rohingya, ethnic minority Muslims who have been systematically persecuted and subject to violence in their home country of Myanmar. Since 1982 they have been denied citizenship in Myanmar, and almost 900,000 have fled to Bangladesh and Malaysia. Another example is children born in the Dominican Republic to Haitian migrant parents. Children born to Haitian parents who have irregular immigration status in the Dominican Republic are not given Dominican citizenship, and in fact are not allowed to have their births registered. As a result, tens of thousands of people living in the Dominican Republic have no documents and are stateless.

"How People Become Stateless" - PRI's The World

https://theworld.org/media/2022-11-14/how-people-become-stateless

"What Is Statelessness?" - Institute on Statelessness and Inclusion

"Without nationality, stateless people do not have the same protections as individuals who do hold a nationality. The stateless are vulnerable to discrimination and unequal treatment. They are denied access to education, healthcare, housing, employment, social welfare ad documentation, as well as the right to own property, travel, be safe, free and equal, participate politically and have their voices heard." 

"At least forty countries globally have large stateless populations, from over ten thousand to over one million. These include Cote d’Ivoire, the Dominican Republic, Estonia, Ethiopia, Iraq, Kenya, Latvia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Sweden, Syria, Thailand, Ukraine and Uzbekistan."

https://www.institutesi.org/what-is-statelessness

"Ending Statelessness" - video from UNCR

https://www.unhcr.org/en-us/ending-statelessness.html

"UN Conventions on Statelessness" - UNHCR

https://www.unhcr.org/en-us/un-conventions-on-statelessness.html

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