Zimbabwe is holding elections today. Voters are turning out in large numbers but are encountering significant delays at polling stations, particularly in areas where opposition parties are popular. Ten candidates are trying to unseat President Emmerson Mnangagwa, who has been president since 2018. Mnangagwa was a longtime ally of and successor to former Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe, a revolutionary-turned-strongman who ruled Zimbabwe for decades. If no candidate wins more than 50% of the vote today, a second round will be held in six weeks. The election takes place against a backdrop of raging three-digit inflation and widespread unemployment. The ruling party, ZANU-PF, has been in power for 43 years and is widely believed to be using state institutions as well as repression to prolong its reign and ensure Mr. Mnangagwa's victory. Senior members of the Zimbabwean government are subject to targeted U.S. sanctions for the failure to respect the rule of law, democratic governance, and human rights.
"Zimbabwe Election: Delays Mar Vote with Large Turnout" - BBC
"Zimbabweans Vote but Hopes of Ending Economic Freefall Look Dim" - Reuters
"As Zimbabwe's Elections Approach, U.S. Sanctions Take Center Stage" - U.S. News and World Report
"Message to the Congress on the Continuation of the National Emergency with Respect to Zimbabwe" - The White House
"President Emmerson Mnangagwa has not made the necessary political and economic reforms that would warrant terminating the existing targeted sanctions program. Throughout the last year, government security services routinely intimidated and violently repressed citizens, including members of opposition political parties, union members, and journalists. The absence of progress on the most fundamental reforms needed to ensure the rule of law, democratic governance, and the protection of human rights leaves Zimbabweans vulnerable to ongoing repression and presents a continuing threat to the peace and security in the region."
The Fear: Robert Mugabe and the Martyrdom of Zimbabwe by Peter Godwin is excellent read and a great way to learn more about Zimbabwe and Mugabe..